Free and open source software

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Free and open source software, also F/OSS, FOSS, or FLOSS (for Free/Libre/Open Source Software) is software which is liberally licensed to grant the right of users to study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code. This approach has gained both momentum and acceptance as the potential benefits have been increasingly recognized by both individuals and corporate players.[1][2]

'F/OSS' is an inclusive term generally synonymous with both free software and open source software which describe similar development models, but with differing cultures and philosophies. 'Free software' focuses on the philosophical freedoms it gives to users and 'open source' focuses on the perceived strengths of its peer-to-peer development model. Many people relate to both aspects and so 'F/OSS' is a term that can be used without particular bias towards either camp.

Free software licenses and Open-source licenses are used by many software packages. The licenses have important differences, which mirror the differences in the ways the two kinds of software can be used and distributed and reflect differences in the philosophy behind the two.[3]



[edit] Industry support

In January 2008 HP announced software governance initiative to address the legal, financial and security risks connected with the adoption of free and open source software (F/OSS).[4] The project is supported by other companies like OpenLogic, Google and Novell.[5] HP generated over USD$10 billion revenue on sales of open source-related products in the past few years.[6] More than 22 percent of shipped units and 17 percent of the company's server revenues have come from GNU/Linux in past two quarters.[7] FOSSology is a tool for tracking and monitoring the use of free and open-source software within an IT environment and is available under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2),[8] FOSSBazaar is a web site that hosts discussion groups and information resources on how to adopt and manage open source code.[9]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Hatlestad, Luc (2005-08-09). "LinuxWorld Showcases Open-Source Growth, Expansion". InformationWeek. CMP Media, LLC. Archived from the original on 2007-11-25. Retrieved on 2007-11-25.
  2. ^ Claburn, Thomas (January 17, 2007). "Study Finds Open Source Benefits Business". InformationWeek. CMP Media LLC. Archived from the original on 2007-11-25. Retrieved on 25, 2007. Retrieved on 11 2007.
  3. ^ Barr, Joe (1998). "Why “Free Software” is better than “Open Source”" (in English). Free Software Foundation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-25. Retrieved on 2007-11-25..
  4. ^ HP Promotes Open Source Software Governance with New Initiative
  5. ^ OpenLogic: HP hogged FOSS limelight
  6. ^ OSBC Report: HP's Karl Paetzel on the tools of open-source proliferation
  7. ^ HP releases FOSS governance tools, announces forums and services
  8. ^ HP launches open source tracking tool
  9. ^ HP's 'Fossology' Offers Help In Open Source Governance

[edit] Further reading

[edit] External links

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